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【易错题】初中英语50道易错题解析,帮你迅速提分

1.—We ll do what we can ____English well this term.

—It s high time for you to work hard.

A.study

B.to study

C.be studied

D.be studying

解析:这题可能会误选A,因为大家知道情态动词后接动词原形,但是请大家分析下句子的成分,这里的what we can实际省略了do,这个what we can do在句子中作宾语从句。正确答案是B,用动词不定式作目的状语。

【易错题】初中英语50道易错题解析,帮你迅速提分

2.—I don t think your team can beat theirs.

__.But we could if Lin Tao were on the team.

A.No,we can t

B.Yes,we can t

C.Yes,we can

D.No,we can

解析:在think,believe这类词接的宾语从句,否定要提前。而对于否定句的回答,与习惯相反,yes是“不”no是“是的”B,D结构不正确,首先要排除。而我们看后面的BUT,表示转折,说明回答者的队没有打赢。那么就是we can t.正确答案是A。翻译为“是的,我们没有赢”。

3.—Have you finished your work yet?

—No,not yet.I think it ll take _ ten minutes.

A.another

B.other

C.others

D.more

解析:another+数词+名词固定用法,another表示“另外的,再”根据题目意思,可以判断是需要再花10分钟,所以答案是A。

4.Roy made several kites,but _ of them can fly high in the sky.

A.neither

B.none

C.all

D.most

解析:neither”两者中任何一个都不”all”三者或三者以上都”most”大部分”根据题目意思,只有none表示三个或三个以上“一个都没有”,故选B。

5.—Will you be back __ five in the afternoon?

—I m not sure,maybe later than that.

A.in

B.before

C.for

D.until

解析:in只能接一段时间,before”在…之前”for接一段时间,until“直到….”答案为B。

6.—I m sorry to have kept you waiting long.

—Never mind.I __ here for only a few minutes.

A.have been

B.have come

C.have arrived

D.waited

解析:因为come,arrive是瞬间动词,在用于现在完成时时,不能与表示一段的for,since构成的时间状语连用。答案为A。

7.—You seem to like sweets.

_.That s probably why I m becoming fatter and fatter.

A.So I do

B.So do I

C.So am I

D.So I am

解析:seem是连系动词,不能用be动词来回答。So I do是“的确如此”表示同意对方的观点so do I“我也一样”答案为A。

8.With the help of the computer,information can ____every corner of the world swiftly.

A.get

B.reach

C.arrive

D.return

解析:get,arrive,到达,是不及物动词,get to,arrive at,arrive in是固定搭配。而reach是及物动词,可以直接接宾语,“到达”return是“返回”与题目意思不符合,答案为B。

9.The children __ not to play with the fire.

A.are told

B.tell

C.are telling

D.told

解析:孩子们被告诉不要玩火。考被动语态。答案为A。

10.—May I go out with you tomorrow?

—If your job ______by then.

A.has been finished

B.finish

C.will be finished

D.will finish

解析:job被完成,肯定用被动语态,并且是if引导的条件状语从句,不能用将来时。答案是A。

11.—Will you please show me how to operate the new machine?

—Sure.It’s a piece of cake.Now let me tell you __ to do first.

A.what

B.how

C.whether

D.which

解析:whether是否,which哪一个,与题意不符合,而如果用how,do后面应该有宾语。how to do it.答案为A,what to do first首先做什么。

12.—My trousers are______.

—I ll buy you a new pair.

A.wore out

B.worn out

C.wearing out

D.sold out

解析:wear out穿坏,sell out卖完。裤子是被穿坏,而不是主动的,所以是被动语态,答案是B。

13.—What do you think of these two books?

_ of them are interesting.And I ve read them several times.

A.Both

B.Neither

C.None

D.Either

解析:根据题意,是两本书,both“两者都”,neither”两者都不”,none”一个也没有”,either”两者中任何一个”答案是A。

14.—The artist has got _ much work to do that he hardly has time to help his wife with the housework.

—That s true.Even on Sundays he is busy with his work.

A.too

B.so

C.very

D.such

解析:本题是考so…that和such….that的用法。such是修饰名词,但是如果名词前有many,much,little,few等修饰词,则用so代替such.答案为B。

15.—How long __ you ____a fever?

—Ever since last night.

A.have,got

B.have,had

C.have,caught

D.did,have

解析:根据后面的since我们可以判断要用完成时。而get,catch等瞬间动词在完成时中不能与for,since引导的时间状语连用,答案是B.

16.—I think he lives _ No.386 West St.

—Are you sure _ that?You d better make sure.

A.at,/

B.in,of

C.in,about

D.at,of

解析:live in”居住”后接大地点。live at”居住”后面接具体的地点。be sure of/be sure about确信,固定用法。表示对什么有把握。答案为D。

17.—The rain came to a stop the night before.The fields are still full of water.

—It _ for nearly a week.

A.has rained

B.had rained

C.would rain

D.was raining

解析:came to a stop“停止”the night before”前一个晚上”for+一段时间用于完成时,而came表明是过去时,所以后面用过去完成时。答案为B。

18.—He seems _ ill.Shall we take him to the hospital right now?

—I don t think it matters.Maybe he s caught a bit of a cold.

A.terrible

B.terribly

C.even

D.to be terrible

解析:seem+形容词“好像是”ill“病了”用副词修饰。答案为B.even修饰形容词/副词比较级。

19.—Would you like _ some fruit?

—No thanks.I don t feel like _ anything now.

A.to have,to eat

B.having,to eat

C.having,eating

D.to have,eating

解析:would you like to do sth.委婉询问对方的意愿“是否想要做什么….”可以排除B.C.而feel like+名词/动名词,表示“觉得好像….”答案为D。

20.—This is really a wonderful party with interesting people and great food.

—I m glad you are _.

A.liking it

B.enjoying yourself

C.at the party

D.are loving

解析:enjoy yourself”玩得高兴”表示感情的love,like一般不用于进行时。C与题意不符合。答案是B。

21.—You ve dropped _“s”in the word”acros”

—Oh,__ letter”s”should be doubled like this”across”.A.a,a

B.an,a

C.a,the

D.an,the

解析:本题考查冠词的用法。表示泛指时用不定冠词,a用在辅音发音字母之前,an用在元音发音字母之前。s的读音为/es/,为元音发音。应用“an”,后面表特指,上面出现的,应用”the”,答案为D.

22.—The pen writes well though it doesn t cost much.

—Let me have a try.So _.

A.it is

B.it does

C.does it

D.is it

解析:同第7题,根据题意是表示同意对方的看法,而write要用do/does替代,pen为单数,所以答案是B。

23.—The smell in the room is really terrible.

—You said it.Let s keep all the windows _.

A.closed

B.open

C.opening

D.to open

解析:keep+宾语+形容词”使…保持某状态”keep+宾语+动词ing形式,也表示“使…保持某状态”但是宾语是后面动词的发出者,如:keep you waiting,根据题意,房间里味道不好,要把窗户打开,而不是关上。答案是B。

24.—_ the Internet __ in your school?

—Yes,but the computer in our office has often broken down.

A.Is,used

B.Is,using

C.Does,use

D.Has,used

解析:根据句意,internet是被使用,应该用被动语态。答案为A。

25.—Do you often get on-line?

—Yes.I __ most of my time on it.It s a good way to kill time.

A.cost

B.spend

C.pay

D.take

解析:cost一般物作主语,“花费”spend”花费时间或金钱”pay支付(钱)take一般指花费时间。答案为B。

26.—Did Tom’s parents go to the meeting yesterday?

—Yes,_ of them did,but _ spoke.

A.each,none

B.both,none

C.neither,both

D.both,neither

解析:根据题目意思,是父母两个人去了会议,后面有个but,表示转折,应该是都没有发言,答案为D。Both两者都,neither两者都没有。

27.—I eat _ vegetables and meat than I did last year.

—That s why you re getting fatter.

A.fewer,more

B.more,less

C.least,more

D.many,much

解析:第二句话的意思是:这就是你越来越胖的原因。那么可以判断第一句话是跟去年相比,我吃更少的蔬菜,更多的肉。而蔬菜是复数,只能用fewer来修饰表示比较少。less修饰不可数名词表示比较少。more是many和much的比较级,可以修饰可数和不可数名词。答案为A。

28.—_ is the population of the town?

—Over 20,000.And a third of the population __ workers of the car factory.

A.What,are

B.How many,are

C.What,is

D.How many,is

解析:对人口提问用how large或what.The population of….作主语时谓语动词用单数。当主语表示人口的百分之几,几分之几时,谓语动词用复数形式。答案为A。

29.—I tried to make Kate __ her mind,but I found it hard.

—Well,I saw you_______ that when I went past.

A.change,do

B.changes,doing

C.to change,do

D.change,doing

解析:make是使役动词,后面接不带to的不定式作宾补。表示“让某人做某事”。see是感官动词,接现在分词做宾补,强调动作正在进行。本题的意思是:——我试图让凯特改变她的想法,但是我发现很难。——-是的,我经过时看见你正在劝她。答案是D。

30.—Sorry,I am late.

—It doesn’t matter.The meeting _ for just several minutes

A.has begun

B.has started

C.has been on

D.had been on

解析:begin,start是瞬间动词,不能与表示一段时间的状语一起用在完成时中。而根据题目可看出,是现在时,所以不能用过去完成时。答案为C。

31.—I feel tired and sleepy.

—Why not stop _?

A.to work

B.to have a rest

C.having a rest

D.to go on with your work

解析:stop to do sth.表示停下了去做另外的事。stop doing sth.表示停止做某事。句子的意思是我感觉很累,很想睡。对方肯定是劝她停下手上的事去休息。答案是B。

32.—Did you notice the boy come in?

—No,I didn t because I _______a film.

A.had watched

B.have watched

C.was watching

D.am watching

解析:句子的意思是:—-你注意到刚进来的男孩了吗?—-不,我没有,我正在看一个电影。整句是过去时,表示正在做的事,应该用过去进行时。答案为C。

33.—Could you tell me _?I must find him.

—Sorry,I have no idea.But he was here just now.

A.where Tom was

B.where has Tom gone

C.where can I find Tom.

D.where Tom is

解析:本题是考查宾语从句的用法。由what,where,who等疑问词引导的宾语从句要用陈述语气,疑问词+陈述句,而不是疑问词+一般疑问句。Could此时表示委婉的请求语气,而不是过去时。答案为D。

34.—Shall I tell Mike about it?

—No,you _.He s already been told.

A.mustn t

B.can t

C.don t

D.needn t

解析:mustn t表示“禁止,不许”can t“不能”don t”不…”needn t“不必要”根据题目意思,他已经知道了,不存在着禁止,不能的意思。Don t也不能回答Shall引导的一般疑问句,答案为D。

35.—I m _ in what you.

—Well,don t follow suit.Just do what you like.

A.interesting,interests

B.interested,interests

C.interest,interests

D.interest,interesting

解析:be interested in对…感兴趣,人作主语;interesting令人感兴趣的,物作主语;interest使人感兴趣。答案为B。

36.—I m too busy_______ to my family often.

—Why not call them instead?

A.writing

B.to write

C.written

D.write

解析:too….to太….而不能……我太忙而不能经常给我家里人写信。答案为B。

37.—__ present you ve bought for me!

—I m glad you like it.

A.How a

B.What a

C.How

D.What

解析:感叹句how修饰形容词或副词,what修饰名词。present是可数名词,答案为B.

38.—This is no-smoking zone.Can’t you see the sign?

—Oh,sorry.I __ it.

A.haven‘t seen

B.won’t see

C.don‘t see

D.didn’t see

解析:这是无烟区,难道你不能看见这个标示吗?在这个人的提示下,答话人现在肯定看见这个标示了。那么是以前没看见,答案为D。

39.—Will you please let me have a look at the photos taken in the States?

—Sure.I ll _ them here to school tomorrow.

A.take

B.carry

C.get

D.bring

解析:本题主要对比take和bring。take是拿走,bring是拿来。carry是携带,get是得到,答案为D。

40.—Look at __ animal.It’s interesting.

—Which one do you mean?__ black one with a long tail?A.an,The

B.an,An

C.the,The

D.the,An

解析:考查冠词的用法。而根据题意我们可以看出,问答中的动物都是表示特指,答案是C。

41.—What happened to Tom?

—He was crossing the street __ a motorbike hit him from behind.

A.while

B.when

C.until

D.because

解析:while表示“在……时候”时不能与瞬间动词连用。hit是撞,瞬间的动作。when“当….时候”可以与瞬间动词连用。until直到….because因为,后面两个与题目意思不符合,答案为B.

42.—Dad,what‘s the sea like?

—Well,it’s large and full of water.It covers about _ of the earth.

A.one third

B.three quarter

C.three-fourth

D.three quarters

解析:我们知道海占了地球的大部分。A是三分之一,与题目不符合。quarter是四分之一,在分子大于一时,分母序数词要用复数,答案为D。

43.—Go and ask the waiter how much_____.

—Don t worry.It has been _.

A.does the meal cost,paid for

B.the meal costs,paid

C.the meal spends,paid

D.the meal costs,paid for

解析:首先宾语从句用陈述句语序,A可以排除。cost表示某物花多少钱,spend花费时间或金钱,一般人做主语。pay表示付钱,pay for为….支付了多少钱。答案是B。

44.—Does the child need any help?

—No.He is old enough to _ himself.

A.put on

B.wear

C.dress

D.take care

解析:put on强调穿的动作,wear强调穿着的状态,dress后面接人做主语,dress sb.给某人穿衣,dress oneself给自己穿衣,take care of照顾。答案为C。

45.—There can be no life on the earth without water.

—That s right.Water _ everywhere.

A.needs

B.is needing

C.is needed

D.needed

解析:本题是没水就没有生命,水在任何地方都被需要,被动语态,答案为C。

46.—Were you late ____the meeting?

—No,I arrived there ten minutes______ the meeting started.

A.for,before

B.at,before

C.for,till

D.at,after

解析:be late for固定用法“为……迟到”—为什么你开会迟到?—不,我在开会前十分钟到的。答案为A。till直到after…之后,before…之前。

47.—Excuse me,but I don t think you can take photos here.

—Sorry I __ this is no-photo zone.

A.don t know

B.didn t know

C.have no idea

D.haven t known

解析:根据题目意思可看出对方是以前不知道这里是不允许照相的区域,用过去时,答案为B。

48.—How many English words had you learned _ the end of last term?

—Around 2000,but I ve forgotten most of them.

A.by

B.at

C.to

D.on

解析:by the end of到….为止,如果后面接将来时间,主句用将来时,如果后面是现在时间,主句用现在完成时,如果是过去时间,主句用过去完成时。at the end of“在…尽头”后面接时间时,一般用过去时或将来时。答案为A。

49.—Are you learning art now during your spare time?

—No.I ve stopped _ Chinese medicine instead.

A.to learn

B.learning

C.learn

D.studying

解析:—你现在在空闲时间学习艺术吗?—不,我已经停止了,在学中医。stop to do和stop doing分别表示“停下来去做某事”和“停止做某事”答案为A。

50.—What did you __ just now?

—I _ you if you could follow me.

A.say,said

B.speak,asked

C.speak,said

D.say,asked

解析:—你刚在说什么?—我问你你是否能跟我来。say是及物动词,强调说话的内容。speak一般表示说某种语言。强调说的动作。ask询问,打听,请求。答案是D。

原创文章,作者:David,如若转载,请注明出处:https://www.english666.cn/zhishi/yicuo.html

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